Morocco: in the Sahara, an American decision that brings us closer to a solution

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By Nasser Bourita Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad


The United States has recognized the full sovereignty of Morocco over all of its Sahara. A decision that goes in the right direction.

The decision of the United States to recognize the full sovereignty of Morocco over its entire Sahara and to affirm unambiguous support for the Moroccan autonomy initiative has left no one indifferent. It surprised some and confirmed many others in their opinion. A lot of ink has been spilled everywhere. She also led a few to freak themselves out.


Stability and security

The weight of this decision should be read in the light of its author: global power, permanent member of the Security Council. He is a major ally of Morocco, with which strategic relations have been built over the past twenty years, under the enlightened leadership of Mohammed VI. These relationships, rooted in history and looking to the future, have been consolidated over the course of the various administrations.


Above all, this decision must be measured against the prospect of a solution it offers to this dispute which has lasted too long, to bring us closer to lasting stability and security in a highly strategic subcontinent.


Certainly, since 1991, military confrontation has given way to diplomatic confrontation - even if the Polisario did not wait for the American decision to break the ceasefire and carry out actions of harassment that were all in all insignificant.


In this conflict, there are two opposing visions. On the one hand, that of Morocco, supported by its sovereign, who wants the future to be better than the past, and which invests massively to build it with more than 7 billion dollars over ten years in the southern provinces alone. , thus responding to the royal vision of not leaving the populations hostage to the political process which is stuck.


On the other hand, that of the other parties, who favor the status quo, even decay, preventing regional economic integration, threatening security in an unstable region and ignoring the humanitarian consequences at stake.


The sense of compromise

It is in light of these data that the US decision must be assessed. And it is from this point of view that it reveals itself in its most structuring dimension: it inaugurates a reinforced momentum in favor of a realistic and lasting political solution based on compromise within the framework of autonomy.


It is this sense of compromise, typical of its thousand-year-old tradition of central state, which has allowed Morocco to evolve towards a logic of extended autonomy where the population of the Moroccan Sahara can manage its political, economic and social affairs through regional legislative, executive and judicial bodies.


The United States is well aware of the genesis and development of the file, its dynamics and challenges. Indeed, the journey, of which the self-reliance initiative is the result, is the result of extensive consultations between the king and the Clinton administration. Submitted in consultation with the Bush administration, Republican, it was later backed by the Obama administration, Democrat. These successive administrations have all supported autonomy as a solution to this regional dispute.


The Trump administration’s presidential proclamation therefore crowned this process and made clear a steadfast position of support for the past twenty years. Support that goes hand in hand with the recognition of national sovereignty and territorial integrity.


Line of credit and trade agreements

Beyond the support they provide to Morocco through public policy statements, the United States has made available, since 2015, a financial line for the benefit of the provinces of the Moroccan Sahara. Likewise, trade agreements concluded with the European Union apply to the southern provinces of the kingdom. The strong support of the United States therefore surprises only ignorance and amnesia.


The American proclamation is also in tune with the evolution of the dossier within the United Nations. First, through the statements of many former UN envoys who insisted that "independence of the Sahara" was not a realistic option.


Then, the last seventeen Security Council resolutions have enshrined a clear doctrine, calling for a "realistic, pragmatic and lasting political solution", while marking the preeminence of serious and credible efforts by Morocco to bring the issue out of the way. 'dead end.


To achieve this, Morocco remains faithful to the political process conducted under the auspices of the United Nations, on the basis of clear parameters, involving the real parties of the regional dispute. And the king has made a commitment to the United Nations Secretary General, António Guterres.


Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs

eras, African Cooperation and Moroccans living abroad


The United States has recognized the full sovereignty of Morocco over all of its Sahara. A decision that goes in the right direction.


The decision of the United States to recognize the full sovereignty of Morocco over its entire Sahara and to affirm unambiguous support for the Moroccan autonomy initiative has left no one indifferent. It surprised some and confirmed many others in their opinion. A lot of ink has been spilled everywhere. She also led a few to freak themselves out.




Stability and security

The weight of this decision should be read in the light of its author: global power, permanent member of the Security Council. He is a major ally of Morocco, with which strategic relations have been built over the past twenty years, under the enlightened leadership of Mohammed VI. These relationships, rooted in history and looking to the future, have been consolidated over the course of the various administrations.


READ Morocco: the Polisario loses one of its European supporters

Above all, this decision must be measured against the prospect of a solution it offers to this dispute which has lasted too long, to bring us closer to lasting stability and security in a highly strategic subcontinent.


Certainly, since 1991, military confrontation has given way to diplomatic confrontation - even if the Polisario did not wait for the American decision to break the ceasefire and carry out actions of harassment that were all in all insignificant.


READ Morocco: what really happened in Guerguerate?

In this conflict, there are two opposing visions. On the one hand, that of Morocco, supported by its sovereign, who wants the future to be better than the past, and which invests massively to build it with more than 7 billion dollars over ten years in the southern provinces alone. , thus responding to the royal vision of not leaving the populations hostage to the political process which is stuck.


THE OTHER PARTIES PREFERRED THE STATUS QUO, OR ROTTEN


On the other hand, that of the other parties, who favor the status quo, even decay, preventing regional economic integration, threatening security in an unstable region and ignoring the humanitarian consequences at stake.


The sense of compromise

It is in light of these data that the US decision must be assessed. And it is from this point of view that it reveals itself in its most structuring dimension: it inaugurates a reinforced momentum in favor of a realistic and lasting political solution based on compromise within the framework of autonomy.


READ [Tribune] Morocco, Sahara, Israel: the opportunity for a new regional deal

It is this sense of compromise, typical of its thousand-year-old tradition of central state, which has allowed Morocco to evolve towards a logic of extended autonomy where the population of the Moroccan Sahara can manage its political, economic and social affairs through regional legislative, executive and judicial bodies.


THE CLINTON, BUSH AND OBAMA ADMINISTRATIONS HAVE ALL PROVIDED THEIR SUPPORT FOR AUTONOMY AS A SOLUTION


The United States is well aware of the genesis and development of the file, its dynamics and challenges. Indeed, the journey, of which the self-reliance initiative is the result, is the result of extensive consultations between the king and the Clinton administration. Submitted in consultation with the Bush administration, Republican, it was later backed by the Obama administration, Democrat. These successive administrations have all supported autonomy as a solution to this regional dispute.


READ Donald Trump recognizes Morocco's sovereignty over Western Sahara

The Trump administration’s presidential proclamation therefore crowned this process and made clear a steadfast position of support for the past twenty years. Support that goes hand in hand with the recognition of national sovereignty and territorial integrity.


Line of credit and trade agreements

Beyond the support they provide to Morocco through public policy statements, the United States has made available, since 2015, a financial line for the benefit of the provinces of the Moroccan Sahara. Likewise, trade agreements concluded with the European Union apply to the southern provinces of the kingdom. The strong support of the United States therefore surprises only ignorance and amnesia.


READ [Editorial] Sahara: Mohammed VI or the art of the deal

The American proclamation is also in tune with the evolution of the dossier within the United Nations. First, through the statements of many former UN envoys who insisted that "independence of the Sahara" was not a realistic option.


Then, the last seventeen Security Council resolutions have enshrined a clear doctrine, calling for a "polrealistic, pragmatic and sustainable "policy, while marking the pre-eminence of serious and credible efforts by Morocco to get the issue out of the impasse.


To achieve this, Morocco remains faithful to the political process conducted under the auspices of the United Nations, on the basis of clear parameters, involving the real parties of the regional dispute. And the king has made a commitment to the United Nations Secretary General, António Guterres.


THE ONLY PROMISE OF A SOLUTION WITHOUT A Winner or a Vanquisher


It is essential to stress that the political process is not an end in itself. It’s a path. Those who believe that they are upset Morocco by opposing its autonomy initiative are only serving a dead end and are in reality opposing the sole promise of a solution without winner or loser, and which benefits from a increasingly strong international support.


A virtuous package in the service of peace in the Middle East

We want as proof the 42 countries which recently reiterated their support for autonomy under Moroccan sovereignty within the framework of a ministerial conference at the initiative of Morocco and the United States. In addition, the American decision to join the twenty or so countries which have inaugurated consulates in Laayoune and Dakhla will undoubtedly motivate other nations to follow suit very soon.


When Morocco signed, on December 22, the trilateral declaration which contains the American presidential declaration, it at the same time sealed a commitment for a virtuous package, promoting stability in the Maghreb and in the service of peace in the Middle East. East at the same time. This is an opportunity for us today to take a constructive and active position towards the only realistic, fair and sustainable horizon

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